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Roles in practice: 1.4: Leader & manager

AR_LM 1: Contribute to the improvement of health care delivery in teams, organizations, and systems

AR_LM 1.2

RCA and London Protocol. Taylor-Adams S, Vincent C. Systems analysis of clinical incidents: the London protocol. Clinical Risk. 2004 Nov 1;10(6):211-20. [Request from Library]

Merry, Alan, and Brookbanks, Warren. Merry and McCall Smith's Errors, Medicine and the Law. 2nd ed. 2017. Cambridge Bioethics and Law ; 38. Web.

AR_LM 1.4

Hollnagel​ E, Wears RL, Braithwaite J. From Safety-I to Safety-II: a white paper. The resilient health care net: published simultaneously by the University of Southern Denmark, University of Florida, USA, and Macquarie University, Australia. 2015.

AR_LM 2: Develop efficient and effective work practices

​Fong AJ, Smith M, Langerman A. Efficiency improvement in the operating room. Journal of Surgical Research. 2016 Aug 1;204(2):371-83.

AR_LM 3: Allocate finite healthcare resources appropriately

​Berwick DM, Nolan TW, Whittington J. The triple aim: care, health, and cost. Health Affairs. 2008 May;27(3):759-69. Request from Library

​Grocott MP, Edwards M, Mythen MG, Aronson S. Peri‐operative care pathways: re‐engineering care to achieve the ‘triple aim’. Anaesthesia. 2019 Jan;74:90-9.

​​Swensen S, Pugh M, McMullan C, Kabcenell A. High-Impact Leadership: Improve Care, Improve the Health of Populations, and Reduce Costs. IHI White Paper. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Institute for Healthcare Improvement; 2013.

NICE Guideline [NG45]. Routine preoperative tests for elective surgery. April 2016. Available from

WebsiteChoosing Wisely: Aotearoa New Zealand & The Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA). Tests treatments & procedures health professionals should question. Available from:

AR_LM 4: Demonstrate leadership and effective management in professional practice

​Salas E, Sims DE, Burke CS. Is there a “big five” in teamwork?. Small Group Research. 2005 Oct;36(5):555-99. Request from Library